Catalonia in the 1900’s was marked by great conflict and great creativity, a combination not altogether unrelated. With the world at war for much of the first half of the 20th Century Spain and Catalonia went through their own thresher of social and political tension and changes. Relative peace was experienced in Catalonia in the early 1900’s but this changed drastically during the Spanish Civil war between 1936-1939 with internal pressure from Nationalist, anarchist, and socialist organizations. It introduced characters including Catalonia Socialist sympathizers such as Marina Ginestà, (Who later grew disenchanted and join the anti-Marxist P.O.U.M movement) and political anarchists such as Emma Goldman, who rallied and supported the Spanish anarchy movements including the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) and Federación Anarquista Ibérica (FAI) organizations. Barcelona was under many different leaderships undergoing a drastic internal change. All of which was squelched in 1939 when Spanish Nationalist General Francisco Franco took over Catalonia.
Marina Ginesta, Socialist Reporter, and Militant pictured with a rifle during 1936 military uprising in Barcelona
While much of the history of Catalonia and Spain is marked with bloody conflict it is also marked with beauty. Catalan has left an indelible mark on the world in the area of art and culture. It often said that
conflict breeds creativity.
This profound and painful pattern is part of what so vividly colors the history of Barcelona. Cultural expansion and contraction, expression and oppression (often happening simultaneousl). These cycles have provided the fuel for many artist, architects, and authors. including the household names below.
- Salvador Dali,
- Antonio Gaudi
- Pablo Picasso
- George Orwell
In an attempt to bring some of these people and events into context I have created a Google Map which will outline places of Historical and Cultural interest especially during the 1900’s. This map will be updated and detailed as I dig deeper into the history of the Barcelona.